Beneficios de una intervención de clima motivacional para el dominio de las habilidades motoras y sociales de niños de escasos recursos con retraso motor: un estudio de campo

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31391/S2007-7033(2022)0059-012

Palabras clave:

child development, children with disabilities, motor delays, social skills, motor skill intervention

Resumen

Este estudio examinó los efectos de una intervención de clima motivacional para el dominio de las habilidades motoras y sociales de niños de bajos ingresos, con y sin discapacidades. Se estableció un clima para el dominio con el grupo de intervención acorde con la estructura de TARGET. Los participantes fueron evaluados con el test de desarrollo de la motricidad gruesa -segunda edición- antes y después de la intervención. También se evaluaron las habilidades sociales mediante un enfoque cualitativo; se utilizó una lista de control con cinco niveles de comportamiento de responsabilidad personal y social. Los resultados mostraron que la intervención fue eficaz para promover cambios positivos en las puntuaciones de control locomotor y de objetos; el grupo de intervención reportó un mayor rendimiento en la posintervención que el grupo de control. Además de la intervención, los niños del grupo de clima motivacional de dominio adoptaron niveles más altos de responsabilidad personal y social durante las clases. Se observaron correlaciones positivas entre el desarrollo motor de los niños y sus niveles de responsabilidad. La intervención del clima de motivación de dominio promueve cambios positivos en las habilidades motoras y sociales de los niños que viven en situación de vulnerabilidad.

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Biografía del autor/a

Rosiane Pick, PICK Consultoria Educacional

Máster en Ciencias del Movimiento Humano (UFRGS, Brasil). Directora de PICK Education Consulting. Líneas de investigación: desarrollo de la psicomotricidad infantil e implementación del modelo TPRS en la educación física adaptada.

Nadia Cristina Valentini , Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Doctora en Ciencias del Ejercicio Humano, Universidad de Auburn, AU, US. Profesora en la Universidad Federal de Rio Grande do Sul. Líneas de investigación: evaluación, trayectorias de desarrollo e intervención cognitivo-motora para niños en situación de vulnerabilidad.

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Publicado

2022-09-28